Table of Contents
- 1 Why does sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond?
- 2 Why do sodium and chlorine combine easily?
- 3 When sodium and chlorine form an ionic compound the sodium atom will become a sodium What?
- 4 When sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond both ions acquire the electron configuration of a?
- 5 Why do chlorine and sodium have charges after electron transfer quizlet?
- 6 How does the ionic bond of sodium chloride form?
- 7 What is the bond between sodium and chlorine?
- 8 What type of bond does sodium and chlorine form?
Why does sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond?
Ionic Bonds. It is easiest for sodium to lose its electron and form a +1 ion, and for chlorine to gain an electron, forming a -1 ion. If sodium can transfer it’s “spare” electron to chlorine (as shown above), both atoms will satisfy their full outer shell requirements, and an ionic bond will be formed.
Why do sodium and chlorine combine easily?
It is easy to see why this reaction takes place so readily when we look at it on an atomic level: sodium has one electron in its outermost (valence) shell, while chlorine has seven electrons in its valence shell.
What causes an ionic bond to form between sodium and chlorine quizlet?
In ionic compounds, atoms gain or lose electrons to form ions. When the atoms of each element first come together, both are electrically neutral. When they get close enough, an electron transfers from the sodium to the chlorine. This makes a positive sodium ion, Na+, and a negative chloride ion, Cl-.
What is the ionic bond between sodium and chlorine?
If Na gives an electron to Cl, we get an Na⁺ ion and a Cl⁻ ion. Each ion has a noble gas configuration. The positive and negative ions attract each other to form the ionic bonds in sodium chloride.
When sodium and chlorine form an ionic compound the sodium atom will become a sodium What?
A chlorine atom seven electrons in the outer shell. A sodium atom loses an electron to a chlorine atom. The sodium atom becomes a positive sodium ion.
When sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond both ions acquire the electron configuration of a?
|an atom becomes an ion by losing or gaining||electrons|
|the _____ rule states that atoms tend to gain, lose, or share electrons in order to acquire a full set of valence electrons||octet|
|when sodium and chlorine form an ionic bond, both ions acquire the electron configuration of a _____||noble gas|
What do sodium and chlorine make when combined?
Sodium and chlorine, two highly reactive elements, combine to form the stable compound sodium chloride (ordinary table salt).
What happens when sodium and chlorine combine quizlet?
On an atomic level when a reaction takes place between two elements such as sodium and chlorine result in two oppositely charged ions is they combine to form an ionic compound, sodium loses its one electron to chlorine so chlorine gains one electron. It forms a chloride ion and forms the ionic compound sodium chloride.
Why do chlorine and sodium have charges after electron transfer quizlet?
Sodium has one valence electron and chlorine has seven valence electrons. The Ione valence electron from sodium is lost and is transferred to the chlorine atom. The result is a sodium ion with a charge of 1+ and a chloride ion with a charge of 1-.
How does the ionic bond of sodium chloride form?
The classic case of ionic bonding, the sodium chloride molecule forms by the ionization of sodium and chlorine atoms and the attraction of the resulting ions. An atom of sodium has one 3s electron outside a closed shell, and it takes only 5.14 electron volts of energy to remove that electron.
What happens when chlorine and sodium?
If sodium metal and chlorine gas mix under the right conditions, they will form salt. The sodium loses an electron, and the chlorine gains that electron. This reaction is highly favorable because of the electrostatic attraction between the particles. In the process, a great amount of light and heat is released.
How do sodium and chlorine atoms form the ions in sodium chloride?
Sodium and chloride form an ionic bond. Therefore the sodium atom loses one electron from its outer shell and the chlorine atom gains one electron. As this happens, the electron is transferred from the sodium atom to the chloride atom and so both atoms become ionic and have a full outer shell.
What is the bond between sodium and chlorine?
Sodium chloride is formed when sodium atoms interact with chlorine atoms. When this occurs, sodium will donate an electron (which is a negatively-charged particle) to chlorine. This makes sodium slightly positive and chlorine slightly negative. So then, sodium ions will attract chloride ions and form an ionic bond.
What type of bond does sodium and chlorine form?
The classic case of ionic bonding, the sodium chloride molecule forms by the ionization of sodium and chlorine atoms and the attraction of the resulting ions.
Does chlorine and sodium make a compound?
Sodium chloride, regular table salt, is also known as the mineral halite. The diagram to the right shows how sodium and chlorine atoms pack tightly together to form cube-like units of the compound NaCl . Crystals of table salt imitate this structure-they’re shaped like little cubes.
Does sodium chloride have an ionic bond?
ionic bond. In sodium chloride, a sodium atom (Na) donates an electron to a chlorine atom (Cl), forming an ionic bond.