Table of Contents
- 1 What part of cell contains chromosomes?
- 2 What part of the cell contains chromosomes and DNA?
- 3 Which part of the cell contains organelles?
- 4 How are chromosomes packaged inside the cell?
- 5 What cell contains?
- 6 What cell parts contain?
- 7 What does Golgi apparatus do?
- 8 What is in the nucleolus?
- 9 Which part of the cell contains the genetic code?
- 10 What is the part of the cell that contains DNA?
- 11 Which part of the cell contains the nucleolus?
What part of cell contains chromosomes?
In prokaryotes, the circular chromosome is contained in the cytoplasm in an area called the nucleoid. In contrast, in eukaryotes, all of the cell’s chromosomes are stored inside a structure called the nucleus. Each eukaryotic chromosome is composed of DNA coiled and condensed around nuclear proteins called histones.
What part of the cell contains chromosomes and DNA?
In the nucleus of each cell, the DNA molecule is packaged into thread-like structures called chromosomes. Each chromosome is made up of DNA tightly coiled many times around proteins called histones that support its structure.
What is chromosome composed of?
A chromosome is made up of proteins and DNA organized into genes. Each cell normally contains 23 pairs of chromosomes.
Which part of the cell contains organelles?
Cytoplasm is the part of the cell that contains various organelles such as mitochondria, ribosomes, Golgi bodies, etc.
How are chromosomes packaged inside the cell?
Chromosomal DNA is packaged inside microscopic nuclei with the help of histones. These are positively-charged proteins that strongly adhere to negatively-charged DNA and form complexes called nucleosomes. Each nuclesome is composed of DNA wound 1.65 times around eight histone proteins.
What is the cytoplasm of a cell?
Cytoplasm is a thick solution that fills each cell and is enclosed by the cell membrane. It is mainly composed of water, salts, and proteins. All of the organelles in eukaryotic cells, such as the nucleus, endoplasmic reticulum, and mitochondria, are located in the cytoplasm.
What cell contains?
A cell has three main parts: the cell membrane, the nucleus, and the cytoplasm. The cell membrane surrounds the cell and controls the substances that go into and out of the cell. The nucleus is a structure inside the cell that contains the nucleolus and most of the cell’s DNA. It is also where most RNA is made.
What cell parts contain?
The cytoplasm is an essential component of the cell. It is a semi-liquid jelly-like material, which joins the nucleus and the cell membrane. In the cell, the cytoplasm is embedded, while other cell organelles such as the endoplasmic reticulum, mitochondria, ribosomes, vacuoles, etc., are all suspended within it.
What is chromosome packaging?
Chromosomal DNA is packaged inside microscopic nuclei with the help of histones. These are positively-charged proteins that strongly adhere to negatively-charged DNA and form complexes called nucleosomes. Nucleosomes fold up to form a 30-nanometer chromatin fiber, which forms loops averaging 300 nanometers in length.
What does Golgi apparatus do?
The Golgi apparatus transports and modifies proteins in eukaryotic cells. How have scientists studied dynamic protein movements through the Golgi? The Golgi apparatus is the central organelle mediating protein and lipid transport within the eukaryotic cell.
What is in the nucleolus?
The nucleolus is the site of transcription and processing of rRNA and of assembly of preribosomal subunits. Thus it consists of ribosomal DNA, RNA, and ribosomal proteins, including RNA polymerases, imported from the cytosol.
What are cell products?
cell biology) a cellular product is something “manufactured” by an organelle (such as the Golgi apparatus)
Which part of the cell contains the genetic code?
The genetic code is carried by the DNA molecule in most organisms. DNA is the store for hereditary information. In eukaryotic cells, DNA is found in the cell nucleus, while in prokaryotes it is found in the nucleosome. The genetic code is the triplets of nucleotides in DNA and RNA that define and direct which amino acid is used in protein synthesis.
What is the part of the cell that contains DNA?
The nucleus contains most of the DNA in a cell and this DNA is called the chromosomal DNA. It is separated from the rest of the cell (cytoplasm) by a double layer of membrane. The mitochondria, which have a role in the oxidative degradation of nutrient molecules, also contain DNA, called the mitochondrial DNA .
What does cell contain two of each kind of chromosomes?
Any cell with two of each kind of chromosome is described as being diploid (annotated as 2n, with n representing the number of each kind of chromosome). In diploid cells, then, genes also occur in pairs. The members of each gene pair are located at the same position on homologous chromosomes.
Which part of the cell contains the nucleolus?
The nucleolus is a region found within the cell nucleus that is concerned with producing and assembling the cell’s ribosomes. Following assembly, ribosomes are transported to the cell cytoplasm where they serve as the sites for protein synthesis. Within the cell nucleus there’s a very specific part called the nucleolus.