What is a thermonuclear reaction?

What is a thermonuclear reaction?

thermonuclear reaction, fusion of two light atomic nuclei into a single heavier nucleus by a collision of the two interacting particles at extremely high temperatures, with the consequent release of a relatively large amount of energy.

Why is it called a thermonuclear reaction?

Nuclear fusion is also called thermonuclear reaction because it takes place at extremely high temperature and hence create enormous amount of energy. eg. – reactions in the sun .

Which is also known as a thermonuclear reaction?

In nuclear physics,nuclear fusion is a nuclear reaction in which two or more atomic nuclei collide at very high speed and join to form a new type of atomic nucleus. During this process matter is not conserved because some of the matter of fusing nuclei is converted to photons also known as thermonuclear reaction.

What is the meaning of thermonuclear energy?

About Thermonuclear Energy The energy obtained after nuclear fusion or fission of atomic nuclei at very high temperature is termed as thermonuclear energy. The energy emitted is a rich source of power & is termed as atomic energy. A common example is hydrogen bomb.

What is mean by thermonuclear reaction write a correct example of it?

noun. a nuclear fusion reaction occurring at a very high temperature: responsible for the energy produced in the sun, nuclear weapons, and fusion reactorsSee nuclear fusion, hydrogen bomb.

What is the thermonuclear reaction in the Sun?

The type of nuclear reaction taking place in the core of the Sun is known as nuclear fusion and involves hydrogen nuclei combining together to form helium. In the process, a small amount of mass (just under one per cent) is released as energy, and this makes its way to the Sun’s surface before beaming out into space.

What is thermonuclear fission?

(General Physics) the splitting of an atomic nucleus into approximately equal parts, either spontaneously or as a result of the impact of a particle usually with an associated release of energy.

How is tritium made from sea water?

Tritium is a fast-decaying radioelement of hydrogen which occurs only in trace quantities in nature. It can be produced during the fusion reaction through contact with lithium, however: tritium is produced, or “bred,” when neutrons escaping the plasma interact with lithium contained in the blanket wall of the tokamak.

Is the Sun a thermonuclear reactor?

Like any other star, the Sun is a gigantic nuclear reactor. Nuclear fusion reactions transformed hydrogen into helium in its core, releasing energy. The temperature at the center of the Sun is fifteen million degrees and the density is one hundred and fifty times that of water (150 g/cm3).

What is the difference between nuclear and thermonuclear?

Atomic bombs rely on fission, or atom-splitting, just as nuclear power plants do. The hydrogen bomb, also called the thermonuclear bomb, uses fusion, or atomic nuclei coming together, to produce explosive energy. Stars also produce energy through fusion.

What is fission and fusion?

Fission is the splitting of a heavy, unstable nucleus into two lighter nuclei, and fusion is the process where two light nuclei combine together releasing vast amounts of energy. While different, the two processes have an important role in the past, present and future of energy creation.

What does a thermonuclear do?

A thermonuclear weapon is a nuclear weapon designed to use the heat generated by a fission bomb to compress a nuclear fusion stage. This indirectly results in a greatly increased energy yield, i.e., the bomb’s “power.” This type of weapon is referred to as a hydrogen bomb, or H-bomb, because it employs hydrogen fusion.

What is the equation for fusion reaction?

Fusion releases energy. The energy released is related to Einstein’s famous equation, E=mc 2. For a fusion reaction to occur it is necessary to bring the nuclei so close together that nuclear forces become important and “glue” the nuclei together.

How do thermonuclear bombs work?

Thermonuclear bombs work by using the energy of a fission bomb to compress and heat fusion fuel. The ensuing fusion reaction creates enormous numbers of high-speed neutrons, which can then induce fission in materials not normally prone to it, such as depleted uranium.

What is thermonuclear fusion?

Thermonuclear fusion is a way to achieve nuclear fusion by using extremely high temperatures. There are two forms of thermonuclear fusion: uncontrolled, in which the resulting energy is released in an uncontrolled manner, as it is in thermonuclear weapons (“hydrogen bombs”) and in most stars; and controlled,…

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