Table of Contents
What are three types of carbohydrate monomers?
Carbohydrates are classified into three subtypes: monosaccharides, disaccharides, and polysaccharides.
What are monomers and polymers of carbohydrates?
The monomers of carbohydrates are the monosaccharide units that are the basic building blocks of all sugars and starches. The polymers of carbohydrates are disaccharides and polysaccharides that consist of two or more monomers respectively. Examples of monosaccharide are: glucose, fructose and galactose.
What is a Lipid polymer?
A lipid is a polymer composed of three fatty acid molecules and one glycerol molecule. Lipids produce a special polymer form which is considered to be a key component of cell membranes and hormones. Fatty acids are lipid monomers formed by a hydrocarbon chain with a carboxyl group attached at the end.
What are monosaccharides and disaccharides?
Simple carbohydrates contain the monosaccharide and disaccharide groups. Monosaccharides are comprised of a single simple sugar unit, glucose, fructose, or galactose, and they cannot be broken down into simple sugar units. Disaccharides are comprised of two monosaccharides bonded together.
What are the 4 types of monomers?
Monomers are atoms or small molecules that bond together to form more complex structures such as polymers. There are four main types of monomer, including sugars, amino acids, fatty acids, and nucleotides.
What are the 4 polymers of carbohydrates?
The most common carbohydrate polymers that are found in nature are cellulose, starch, dextrins and cyclodextrins, chitin and chitosan, hyaluronic acid, and various gums (carrageenan, xanthan, etc.).
Is carbohydrates a monomer or polymer?
|Monomer||A molecule that is a building block for larger molecules (polymers). For example, an amino acid acts as the building blocks for proteins.|
|Polymer||A large molecule made of repeating subunits (monomers). For example, a carbohydrate is a polymer that is made of repeating monosaccharides.|
What are lipids monomers?
Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers of lipids. Lipids include waxes, oils and fats.
Are monosaccharides monomers?
The simplest carbohydrates are called monosaccharides, or simple sugars. They are the building blocks (monomers) for the synthesis of polymers or complex carbohydrates, as will be discussed further in this section. Monosaccharides are classified based on the number of carbons in the molecule.
What are the 4 nucleotide monomers?
The monomers of DNA are called nucleotides. Nucleotides have three components: a base, a sugar (deoxyribose) and a phosphate residue. The four bases are adenine (A), cytosine (C), guanine (G) and thymine (T).
What are polymer monomers?
Monomers are small molecules, mostly organic, that can join with other similar molecules to form very large molecules, or polymers. Polymers are a class of synthetic substances composed of multiples of simpler units called monomers. Polymers are chains with an unspecified number of monomeric units.