Table of Contents
- 1 What are the rights of the Philippines over its territorial waters?
- 2 What are the territorial waters of the Philippines?
- 3 What is unclos and their role on the territorial claims of the Philippines?
- 4 What are the mandates of the Philippine Constitution to the fisheries sector of the Philippines?
- 5 Why is it important to know our territory and territorial boundaries?
- 6 Why does the Philippines use the straight baseline method to determine its territorial sea?
- 7 Where are territorial waters located in international law?
- 8 What kind of sovereignty does a coastal state have?
What are the rights of the Philippines over its territorial waters?
Carpio explained: “Under international law, the Philippines has sovereignty over its territorial sea (12 nautical miles), and jurisdiction over its EEZ (beyond 12 nautical miles up to 200 nautical miles). International law does not recognize sovereignty beyond the 12-nautical mile territorial sea.”
What are the territorial waters of the Philippines?
A nautical mile is equivalent to 1.852 kilometers or 1.1508 miles. Those 12 nautical miles constitute the country’s territorial sea. Anything within the 12 nautical mile area is Philippine territory, which means that anyone or anything within that zone is subject to Philippine laws.
Why is it necessary to include a clear demarcation of the Philippine territory in the Constitution?
The delimitation of Philippine territorial and maritime boundaries in conformity with international law necessitates the reform of the existing national legal, policy and administrative framework to resolve fundamental issues of conflict between domestic legislation and international law.
What is the territorial limits of the Philippines?
The Philippines, being entirely surrounded by the sea, is the only Southeast Asian country which shares no land boundaries with its neighbors. The total land area of the Philippines is 300,055 square kilometres which stretches for 1,850 kilometres from north to south while spanning 1,100 kilometres from east to west.
What is unclos and their role on the territorial claims of the Philippines?
The Philippines has the commitment to delineate and delimit its maritime boundaries with the adjacent states in accordance with the UNCLOS. Also, under UNCLOS, the Philippines is obliged to protect and preserve the marine environment within or outside its maritime zones.
What are the mandates of the Philippine Constitution to the fisheries sector of the Philippines?
It is a declared policy to limit access to the fishery and aquatic resources of the Philippines for the exclusive use and enjoyment of all citizens, including women and youth sectors. Another principle of policy is the protection of municipal fishermen.
What is the territorial jurisdiction of the Philippines?
The national territory comprises the Philippine archipelago, with all the islands and waters embraced therein, and all other territories over which the Philippines has sovereignty or jurisdiction, consisting of its terrestrial, fluvial and aerial domains, including its territorial sea, the seabed, the subsoil, the …
What do you mean by territorial waters?
The term territorial waters is sometimes used informally to refer to any area of water over which a state has jurisdiction, including internal waters, the territorial sea, the contiguous zone, the exclusive economic zone and potentially the continental shelf.
Why is it important to know our territory and territorial boundaries?
How important are land boundaries? Countries aim to define their boundaries and territory. Doing so establishes what is owned and determines jurisdiction for polices and legislation. It also means control of resources, activities and development among other factors.
Why does the Philippines use the straight baseline method to determine its territorial sea?
The Philippines needs to establish archipelagic baselines mainly 1) for the purpose of ensuring the national security and territorial integrity of the more than 7,100 islands and waters comprising the Philippine archipelago; and 2) for economic reasons, to enable the Philippines to establish the different maritime …
What is the importance of being a member of the United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea UNCLOS )?
UNCLOS provides a comprehensive legal framework governing all activities and uses of the world’s seas and oceans. The Convention establishes general obligations for safeguarding the marine environment and protecting freedom of scientific research on the high seas.
What is the purpose of UNCLOS?
The 1982 United Nations Convention on the Law of the Sea (UNCLOS) , also called “Constitution for the oceans”, has 168 parties, and sets out the legal framework within which all activities in the oceans and seas must be carried out.
Where are territorial waters located in international law?
Territorial waters. Written By: Territorial waters, in international law, that area of the sea immediately adjacent to the shores of a state and subject to the territorial jurisdiction of that state.
What kind of sovereignty does a coastal state have?
over the territorial sea and of its bed and subsoil 1. The sovereignty of a coastal State extends, beyond its land territory and internal waters and, in the case of an archipelagic State, its archipelagic waters, to an adjacent belt of sea, described as the territorial sea. 2.
What should the government do for the environment?
So, we should not aim simply to halt or slow the deterioration of our environment. We must raise our ambitions so we seek to restore nature and reverse the decline. This government was elected on a pledge to be the first to leave the environment in a better state than we inherited it.
Is there a limit to the breadth of the territorial sea?
Breadth of the territorial sea Every State has the right to establish the breadth of its territorial sea up to a limit not exceeding 12 nautical miles, measured from baselines determined in accordance with this Convention. Article4 Outer limit of the territorial sea