What are the monomers and polymers of carbohydrates?

What are the monomers and polymers of carbohydrates?

The monomers of carbohydrates are the monosaccharide units that are the basic building blocks of all sugars and starches. The polymers of carbohydrates are disaccharides and polysaccharides that consist of two or more monomers respectively. Examples of monosaccharide are: glucose, fructose and galactose.

What are carbohydrates monomers names?

Monosaccharides are the monomers of carbohydrates and are often referred to as “the simple sugars”.

What is the name of the polymers of carbohydrates?

Another name for the polymers of carbohydrates is a polysaccharide. The monomers of carbohydrates are called monosaccharides.

What are the names of the monomers polymers of carbohydrates proteins?

Monomers are glucose, amino acids, nucleotides for carbohydrates, proteins an nucleic acids respectively.

What are lipids monomers and polymers?

Lipids – polymers called diglycerides, triglycerides; monomers are glycerol and fatty acids. Proteins – polymers are known as polypeptides; monomers are amino acids. Nucleic Acids – polymers are DNA and RNA; monomers are nucleotides, which are in turn consist of a nitrogenous base, pentose sugar, and phosphate group.

What monomers are carbohydrate made of?

Carbohydrates: molecules composed of sugar monomers. Lipids: water-insoluble molecules that can be classified as fats , phospholipids, waxes, and steroids. Proteins: biomolecules capable of forming complex structures. Nucleic Acids: molecules consisting of nucleotide monomers linked together to form polynucleotide chains.

What is the chemical formula for all monomers of carbohydrates?

Carbohydrates are biological macromolecules made up of smaller molecules called monomers. Carbohydrates include sugars, starches, and fibers. They are symbolized by the formula (CH 2 O) n. According to this formula, carbohydrates are made up of carbon (C), hydrogen (H) and oxygen (O) atoms in the ratio 1:2:1.

What are the monomers of a carbohydrate?

Glucose and related sugars. For carbohydrates, the monomers are monosaccharides. The most abundant natural monomer is glucose, which is linked by glycosidic bonds into the polymers cellulose , starch, and glycogen.

What is the role of carbohydrate monomers?

Monomers of carbohydrates are simple sugars and the basic building blocks of carbohydrates, they are also known as monosaccharides and are used by the cells of living things to store and produce energy . What structure do monosaccharides have? How do cells use them for energy?

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