Table of Contents
What are the major requirements of equal pay law?
By law, men and women must get equal pay for doing ‘equal work’ (work that equal pay law classes as the same, similar, equivalent or of equal value). This means someone must not get less pay compared to someone who is both: the opposite sex. doing equal work for the same employer.
What are the four items that must be the same for the Equal Pay Act to apply?
Equal Pay Act of 1963
|Enacted by||the 88th United States Congress|
|Public law||Pub.L. 88–38|
|Statutes at Large||77 Stat. 56|
What does the Equal Pay Act 1970 require employers to do?
The Equal Pay Act 1970 gives an individual a right to the same contractual pay and benefits as a person of the opposite sex in the same employment, where the man and the woman are doing: like work; or. work rated as equivalent under an analytical job evaluation study; or. work that is proved to be of equal value.
What are the conditions that must be met for an employer to support a claim of unequal work?
There are several elements that must be met in compensation discrimination complaints under the Equal Pay Act. The jobs being compared must require substantially equal skill, effort, and responsibility and be performed under similar working conditions within the same establishment.
Is pay equity a legal requirement?
What equal pay means. As set out in the Equality Act 2010, men and women in the same employment performing equal work must receive equal pay, unless any difference in pay can be justified. It is the law and employers must follow it.
What Does Equality Act 2010 protect?
The Equality Act became law in 2010. It covers everyone in Britain and protects people from discrimination, harassment and victimisation. The information on the your rights pages is here to help you understand if you have been treated unlawfully.
What are the exceptions to the Equal Pay Act?
One of the EPA exceptions allows employers to use a seniority system that compensates employees based on years of service. An employer may use a seniority system to pay longer-tenured employees more than newer hires, even if this approach results in a wage disparity between the sexes.
What is the main intent of the Equal Pay Act of 1963?
To prohibit discrimination on account of sex in the payment of wages by employers engaged in commerce or in the production of goods for commerce. Be it enacted by the Senate and House of Representatives of the United States of America in Congress assembled, That this Act may be cited as the “Equal Pay Act of 1963.”
Why is the Equal Pay Act 1970 important?
An Act to prevent discrimination, as regards terms and conditions of employment, between men and women. The Equal Pay Act 1970 was an Act of the Parliament of the United Kingdom that prohibited any less favourable treatment between men and women in terms of pay and conditions of employment.
What is the law on equal pay for equal work?
The principle of equal pay for equal work was recognised in the Universal Declaration of Human Rights in 1948. Today, federal industrial legislation (the Workplace Relations Act 1996) contains strong provisions requiring that employers accord male and female employees equal remuneration for work of equal value.
What is unequal pay for equal work?
The EPA permits unequal pay for equal work if it is the result of wages being set pursuant to: 1) a seniority system; 2) a merit system; 3) a system which measures earnings by quantity or quality of production; or 4) any factor other than sex.
Is it illegal to pay employees differently?
Can a company pay different wages for the same job? It is legal for a company to pay different wages for the same or similar job, but only if there are non-discriminatory material factors which explain the reason for the difference.