How long did the Viceroyalty of Spain exist for?

How long did the Viceroyalty of Spain exist for?

The Viceroyalty of New Spain lasted from 1535 to 1821, and was one of two early viceroyalties that Spain established in the 16th century to govern its territories in the New World, the other being the Viceroyalty of Peru.

How did the Spanish get their independence?

Iturbide defeated the Royalist forces still opposed to independence, and the new Spanish viceroy, lacking money, provisions, and troops, was forced to accept Mexican independence. On August 24, 1821, O’Donojú signed the Treaty of Córdoba, thus ending New Spain’s dependence on Old Spain.

How long did it take the Spaniards to get to the New World?

Conquest of Latin America by the Spanish Empire Beginning with the 1492 arrival of Christopher Columbus, the Spanish Empire expanded for four centuries (1492–1892) across most of present-day Central America, the Caribbean islands, Mexico, and much of the rest of North America.

When did New Spain become independent from Spain?

It was officially created on 18 August 1521 as the Kingdom of New Spain (Spanish: reino). It later became the first of four viceroyalties Spain created in the Americas….New Spain.

Viceroyalty of New Spain Virreinato de la Nueva España
Historical era Colonial era
• Conquest of Mexico 1519–1521
• Kingdom created 1521

What was the viceroyalty system?

The viceroyalty was a local, political, social, and administrative institution, created by the Spanish monarchy in the 16th century, for ruling its overseas territories.

Why did Mexico want independence from Spain?

In 1820, liberals took power in Spain, and the new government promised reforms to appease the Mexican revolutionaries. In response, Mexican conservatives called for independence as a means of maintaining their privileged position in Mexican society.

What were the reasons why the Spanish colonists settled in America?

Economic – Concerns money and wealth. ECONOMIC REASONS: HUNGER FOR GOLD AND SILVER Based on the success of Spain, the first colonists believed that gold and silver existed in great abundance in the Americas.

Why did New Spain want their independence?

It tried to accommodate the aspirations of American-born Spaniards for more local control and equal standing with Peninsular-born Spaniards. When Spanish liberals overthrew the autocratic rule of Ferdinand VII in 1820, conservatives in New Spain saw political independence as a way to maintain their position.

Why did New Spain want independence from Spain?

Fear of French domination strengthened the desire of many in the New World to seek autonomy. Father Miguel Hidalgo and Ignacio Allende led a rebellion in New Spain that erupted on September 16, 1810.

What was the Viceroyalty of New Spain and what territory did it have?

The Viceroyalty of New Spain Tenochtitlan was razed and then rebuilt as Mexico City, the capital of the viceroyalty. At its height, the viceroyalty of New Spain consisted of Mexico, much of Central America, parts of the West Indies, the southwestern and central United States, Florida, and the Philippines.

Why was the Viceroyalty of New Spain created?

After a decade of conquest, exploration, and administrative turmoil, Spain created the viceroyalty of New Spain in 1530 in order to centralize its control over the territories of the Aztecs, Mayas, and other indigenous groups of Mesoamerica, while curbing the evolution of powerful local fiefdoms among the conquistador class.

Why did the Spanish split the Viceroyalty of Peru?

In the eighteenth century, a burgeoning population, among other factors, led the Spanish to split the viceroyalty of Peru apart so that it could be governed more effectively. This move resulted in two new viceroyalties: New Granada and Río de la Plata.

When did Mexico gain its independence from Spain?

Independence in Mexico. Iturbide, however, was distressed over political developments in Spain and switched sides. With the defection of its largest army, Spanish rule in Mexico was essentially over, and Spain formally recognized Mexico’s independence on August 24, 1821.

How did Napoleon gain the independence of Spain?

Napoleon’s invasion of Spain (1807-1808) provided the spark the rebels needed. Napoleon, seeking to expand his empire, attacked and defeated Spain, and he put his elder brother Joseph on the Spanish throne.

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