Why are halophytes important?

Why are halophytes important?

Halophytic flora plays a major role in protecting coastal habitats and maintaining ecological stability. They often creep and act as sand dune binders. They prevent erosion to a great extent and seawater incursion into freshwater habitats.

What is halophytes in agriculture?

Halophytes are naturally evolved salt-tolerant plants that represent at most 2% of terrestrial plant species (Flowers and Colmer, 2008).

How are Halophyte roots adapted to help them absorb water from salty soil?

halophyte A plant that can tolerate a high concentration of salt in the soil. In addition, they are physiologically adapted to withstand the high salinity of the soil water: their root cells have a higher than normal concentration of solutes, which enables them to take up water by osmosis from the surrounding soil.

Which germination is a unique feature of Halophytic plants?

However halophytes exhibit an interesting mechanism to cope with salt stress. Many halophytes produce heteromorphic seeds, which have different dormancy and germination behavior under saline conditions. This characteristic is related to the structural and physiological differences among heteromorphic seeds.

How are halophytes adapted to their environment?

Halophytes need anatomical and morphological adaptations such as salt glands, salt bladders (for selective exclusion or accumulation of ions), or development of succulence (dilution of ion concentration) in the plant tissue. Specifically, salt tolerance is also influenced by genetics and the developmental stage.

Which germination is seen in halophytes?

Sodium chloride concentration at which seed germination of subtropical halophytes was reduced from 75–100% to about >10% but not zero….3.1. Subtropical coastal habitats.

Species Suaeda fruticosa
Habit LS
NaCl (M) 0.5
References Khan and Ungar (1998b)

Can brackish water be used for irrigation?

The amount of brackish water that can be used depends on the salt concentration of the water, the num- ber of irrigations between leaching rains, the salt tolerance of the crop, and the salt content of the soil be- fore irrigation.

Can saline water use in agriculture?

Saline agriculture can make use of the world’s saline resources. If all of the world’s saline water would be used for irrigation, it could double the amount of available water for agriculture.

How do halophytes cope with salt marshs?

Salt marsh halophytes cope with salt by excluding entry into roots, sequestering salts intracellularly (leading to succulence), and excreting salt via glands, usually on leaf surfaces. Salts that accumulate on the soil surface during daytime low tides and salts excreted by halophytes are removed by tidal efflux.

Which germination is a unique feature of halophytes plants?

How do halophytes survive water shortages?

Halophytes use many different strategies to survive under these conditions. Some halophytes seeds can germinate in the presence of high salinity. Seeds of other halophytes are kept dormant due to the high salinity, but germinate when the rains come and reduce the salinity on the seeds.

How are halophytes used to promote plant growth?

Halophytes are a useful reservoir of halotolerant bacteria with plant growth-promoting capabilities. Here, we review recent studies on the use of halophilic PGPRs to stimulate plant growth and increase the tolerance of non-halophytic crops to salinity.

Can a halophyte be grown as a biofuel?

A vision of using plant feedstock for biofuel production can only be realized if we can identify alternate species that can be grown on saline soils and therefore, would not compete for the resources required for conventional agriculture. Halophytes have remarkable ability to grow under high salinity conditions.

Why are halophytes important to the 21st century?

Halophytes may become an important component of the 21st century farming system. The world’s food production will need to increase by up to 70% by 2050 to match the predicted population growth. Achieving this goal will be challenging due to the decreased availability of arable land, resulting from urbanization and land degradation.

How does a halophyte survive in a saline environment?

Halophytes under saline conditions increase its ROS production that leads to closure of stomata through cascades of signaling pathways, and protects further loss of water from the leaves by transpiration that in result maintains the transport of water that minimize the net salt accumulation in the plant ( Uzilday et al., 2014 ).

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