# What happens when the wire coils rotate through the magnetic field?

## What happens when the wire coils rotate through the magnetic field?

As the magnet spins, the magnetic field around the top and bottom of the coil constantly changes between a north and a south pole. This rotational movement of the magnetic field results in an alternating emf being induced into the coil as defined by Faraday’s law of electromagnetic induction.

What is a coil of wire that produces a magnetic field?

Solenoid
Magnetic Field Produced by a Current-Carrying Solenoid. A solenoid is a long coil of wire (with many turns or loops, as opposed to a flat loop). Because of its shape, the field inside a solenoid can be very uniform, and also very strong.

### When you make electricity rotating a coil and wire between magnets?

Electromagnetic induction is the process of generating electric current with a magnetic field. It occurs when a magnetic field and an electric conductor, such as a coil of wire, move relative to one another.

How do magnets and coils generate electricity?

The simplest generator consists of just a coil of wire and a bar magnet. When you push the magnet through the middle of the coil, an electric current is produced in the wire. The current flows in one direction as the magnet is pushed in, and in the other direction as the magnet is removed.

## What happens when you spin the coil in the other direction?

Once moving, the coil can continue to spin until the battery is dead. The reason that the magnet only spins in one direction is because spinning in the wrong direction will not cause the magnetic fields to repel each other, but attract.

Why does a coil rotate when there is a current in the coil?

The coil of wire is mounted in the gap between the two magnets. The split rings make electrical contact with the coil and reverse the current every half turn. When an electric current flows through the coil, a force is exerted on the coil, causing it to spin.

### Why do coils produce magnetic field?

A current through any conductor creates a circular magnetic field around the conductor due to Ampere’s law. The magnetic fields generated by the separate turns of wire all pass through the center of the coil and add (superpose) to produce a strong field there. The more turns of wire, the stronger the field produced.

What force makes the coil spin?

Wind the copper wire into a coil about 1 inch (2.5 cm) in diameter. Make four or five loops. Wrap the ends of the wire around the coil a couple of times on opposite sides to hold the coil together.

## Can electric current be generated by rotating the magnets and keeping the coil of wire stationary in a generator?

As the shaft with the magnets rotates, the coils of wire are exposed to changing magnetic fields, and an electric current is generated in the wires. Many different methods can be used to make the shafts of the generators rotate and produce electricity.

Why does a coil of wire rotate about its axis?

It is mounted in the magnetic field produced by permanent magnets or current passing through coils of wire, which are called the field coils. When a current passes through the armature coil, forces act on the coil and result in rotation.

### How do spinning magnets generate electricity?

Moving a magnet around a coil of wire, or moving a coil of wire around a magnet, pushes the electrons in the wire and creates an electrical current. Electricity generators essentially convert kinetic energy (the energy of motion) into electrical energy.

How does a magnetic coil work?

A solenoid coil has a conductive core with a hollow center and wire wrapped around the hollow center. As current passes through the solenoid coil, it activates a magnetic field that creates magnetic potential that converts to magnetic force for mechanical movement.

## What happens when you move a magnet around a wire?

Moving a magnet around a coil of wire, or moving a coil of wire around a magnet, pushes the electrons in the wire and creates an electrical current. Electricity generators essentially convert kinetic energy (the energy of motion) into electrical energy.

How are magnets and electricity related to each other?

Metals such as copper and aluminum have electrons that are loosely held. Moving a magnet around a coil of wire, or moving a coil of wire around a magnet, pushes the electrons in the wire and creates an electrical current. Electricity generators essentially convert kinetic energy (the energy of motion) into electrical energy.

### Why does a voice coil have a magnetic field?

The answer is related to how a dynamic speaker works: passing current through a voice coil within the ring magnet generates a magnetic field that interacts with the permanent magnet’s field, and since the ring magnet is fixed in place, the voice coil is able to move and pump air.

How does a magnetic field create a current?

The lines of force in a magnetic field travel from north to south — much the same way electric current flows from nega- tive to positive (opposite charges attract). In this activity, the magnetic field of the bar magnet interacts with electrons in a wire to create an electrical current.

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