What are the tissues that are responsible for the transport of water and dissolved substances inside the plant?

What are the tissues that are responsible for the transport of water and dissolved substances inside the plant?

xylem, plant vascular tissue that conveys water and dissolved minerals from the roots to the rest of the plant and also provides physical support. Xylem tissue consists of a variety of specialized, water-conducting cells known as tracheary elements.

What plant tissue is involved in the transport of water along the stem?

Xylem transports and stores water and water-soluble nutrients in vascular plants. Phloem is responsible for transporting sugars, proteins, and other organic molecules in plants. Vascular plants are able to grow higher than other plants due to the rigidity of xylem cells, which support the plant.

What is the movement of water through the stem called?

This process is called transpiration . Water is drawn from the cells in the xylem to replace that which has been lost from the leaves.

In which order does water pass through these tissues in a plant?

Diffusion takes place because there is a water potential gradient between water in the xylem vessel and the leaf (as water is transpiring out of the leaf). This means that water diffuses up the leaf. There is also a pressure change between the top and bottom of the xylem vessels, due to water loss from the leaves.

What are tissues?

Tissue is a group of cells that have similar structure and that function together as a unit. There are four main tissue types in the body: epithelial, connective, muscle, and nervous. Each is designed for specific functions.

What is water movement in plants?

1-Water is passively transported into the roots and then into the xylem. 2-The forces of cohesion and adhesion cause the water molecules to form a column in the xylem. 3- Water moves from the xylem into the mesophyll cells, evaporates from their surfaces and leaves the plant by diffusion through the stomata.

Which of the following are Sclerenchyma tissue?

Sclerenchyma is the tissue which makes the plant hard and stiff. Sclerenchyma is the supporting tissue in plants. Two types of sclerenchyma cells exist: fibers cellular and sclereids. Their cell walls consist of cellulose, hemicellulose, and lignin.

What are two things through which water moves?

Water in different phases moves through the atmosphere (transportation). Liquid water flows across land (runoff), into the ground (infiltration and percolation), and through the ground (groundwater).

What is the water transport tissue in water?

The basic function of xylem is to transport water from roots to stems and leaves, but it also transports nutrients. The word “xylem” is derived from the Greek word ξύλον (xylon), meaning “wood”; the best-known xylem tissue is wood, though it is found throughout a plant.

How are minerals and water transported in plants?

In plants, minerals and water are transported through the xylem cells from the soil to the leaves. The xylem cells of the stem, roots, and leaves are interconnected forming a conducting channel reaching all plant parts. Thus, there is continuous water movement into the xylem.

What is the 4 types of tissue?

There are 4 basic types of tissue: connective tissue, epithelial tissue, muscle tissue, and nervous tissue. Connective tissue supports other tissues and binds them together (bone, blood, and lymph tissues).

What are the 5 types of tissue?

  • Tissue.
  • Epithelial tissue.
  • Connective tissue.
  • Muscle tissue.
  • Nervous tissue.

Where does the xylem transport water and minerals?

The xylem transports water and minerals from the roots up the plant stem and into the leaves. In a mature flowering plant or tree, most of the cells that make up the xylem are specialised cells called vessels.

What kind of membrane allows some substances to pass through?

A semi‐permeable membrane allows some substances to pass through, but not others. The substances, whose movements are being described, may be water (the solvent) or the substance dissolved in the water (the solute).

What is the transport of substances in the phloem?

Transport of substances in the phloem is called translocation. Phloem consists of living cells. The cells that make up the phloem are adapted to their function:

How are the roots and leaves of a plant transported?

The stem, root and leaves form an organ system that transports substances into, around and out of a plant. The xylem transports water and minerals from the roots up the plant stem and into the leaves.

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