Table of Contents
What are the 4 monomers in DNA?
DNA is composed of four amino acids: adenine, guanine, thymine and cytosine. Each nucleotide, or monomer, has different attributes that allow it to link with the corresponding nucleotide and form a long chain, or sequence.
What are the monomers in DNA and RNA?
Nucleotides. DNA and RNA are polymers (in the case of DNA, often very long polymers), and are made up of monomers known as nucleotides. When these monomers combine, the resulting chain is called a polynucleotide (poly- = “many”).
What is the monomer of DNA quizlet?
Nucleotides are the monomer of DNA. They are made of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base bound to the sugar. The four different types of nucleotides are adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G) and cytosine (C).
How many monomers make up a DNA molecule?
DNA is a polymer made from four different monomers , called nucleotides . These join together in different combinations to make long strands. In a DNA molecule , two strands wrap around each other to form a double helix structure.
What are the 4 types of DNA?
Because there are four naturally occurring nitrogenous bases, there are four different types of DNA nucleotides: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).
What are the two types of DNA monomers?
Components of DNA The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a “polynucleotide.” Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.
What are lipids monomer?
Glycerol and fatty acids are the monomers of lipids. Lipids include waxes, oils and fats.
What are the monomers of DNA and RNA quizlet?
Nucleotides are the building blocks (monomers) of nucleic acids, DNA and RNA.
What are the three parts of A DNA monomer quizlet?
Terms in this set (29) Monomer that makes up the polymer DNA. Made up of three different components: phosphate group, pentose (5 carbon) sugar deoxyribose, and one of four organic nitrogen bases including adenine, guanine, cytosine, and thymine.
What polymer is DNA?
DNA is a polymer. The monomer units of DNA are nucleotides, and the polymer is known as a “polynucleotide.” Each nucleotide consists of a 5-carbon sugar (deoxyribose), a nitrogen containing base attached to the sugar, and a phosphate group.
How do nucleotides in DNA pair?
Nucleotides form a pair in a molecule of DNA where two adjacent bases form hydrogen bonds. The nitrogenous bases of the DNA always pair up in specific way, purine with pyrimidine (A with T, G with C), held together by weak hydrogen bonds.
What are these 4 nucleotides?
What is monomer used to build RNA and DNA?
Nucleotides, the monomer units of RNA and DNA, consist of a pentose sugar, either ribose in RNA or deoxyribose in DNA, a phosphate group, and a nitrogenous base. As the name implies, a pentose is a 5-membered, puckered ring.
What are the 4 bases in DNA?
The four bases of DNA are: adenine (A), thymine (T), guanine (G), and cytosine (C).
What are the three main components of DNA molecule?
Nucleotides are the true building blocks of DNA. There are three components of a single nucleotide: one deoxyribose sugar, one phosphate, and one of the four bases. To make a complete DNA molecule, single nucleotides join to make chains that come together as matched pairs and form long double strands.
What are the nucleotides of DNA composed of?
Nucleotides are the building blocks of nucleic acids ; they are composed of three sub unit molecules: a nitrogenous base (also known as nucleobase), a five-carbon sugar (ribose or deoxyribose), and at least one phosphate group.