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How did the war between Athens and Sparta get its name?
The Peloponnesian War was fought between the Greek city-states of Athens and Sparta. Athens ended up losing the war, bringing an end to the golden age of Ancient Greece. Where did the name Peloponnesian come from? The word Peloponnesian comes from the name of the peninsula in southern Greece called the Peloponnese.
Who lost the war Athens or Sparta?
Athens was forced to surrender, and Sparta won the Peloponnesian War in 404 BC. Spartans terms were lenient. First, the democracy was replaced by on oligarchy of thirty Athenians, friendly to Sparta. The Delian League was shut down, and Athens was reduced to a limit of ten triremes.
What is Sparta called now?
Sparta, also known as Lacedaemon, was an ancient Greek city-state located primarily in the present-day region of southern Greece called Laconia.
What was the relationship between Athens and Sparta?
Athens was an open society, and Sparta was a closed one. Athens was democratic, and Sparta was ruled by a select few. The differences were many. In 431 BCE a war broke out between Athens and Sparta.
How are Athens and Sparta similar?
One of the main ways they were similar was in their form of government. Both Athens and Sparta had an assembly, whose members were elected by the people. Thus, because both parts of Athens’ government had leaders who were elected, Athens is said to have been the birthplace of democracy. Spartan life was simple.
Was the story of the 300 Spartans true?
In short, not as much as suggested. It is true there were only 300 Spartan soldiers at the battle of Thermopylae but they were not alone, as the Spartans had formed an alliance with other Greek states. It is thought that the number of ancient Greeks was closer to 7,000. The size of the Persian army is disputed.
Who killed the Spartans?
A large Macedonian army under general Antipater marched to its relief and defeated the Spartan-led force in a pitched battle. More than 5,300 of the Spartans and their allies were killed in battle, and 3,500 of Antipater’s troops.
Why did the Athenians and Spartans fight?
The Peloponnesian War is the name given to the long series of conflicts between Athens and Sparta that lasted from 431 until 404 BC. However, the more immediate reason for the war was Athenian control of the Delian League, the vast naval alliance that allowed it to dominate the Mediterranean Sea.
Was Sparta or Athens better?
These soldiers than stayed and fought until they were 60 so the army was always ready to go to war (Spielvogel, 2006). This made Sparta one of the safest cities to live in. Secondly, in Sparta girls were able to learn a lot more than in other places. Spartan girls were not taught just by their mothers like in Athens.
Why did Sparta attack Athens?
Sparta and Athens were foes for a long time. The main cause of the Pelopennesian war was the longlasting rivalry between the two city states. Both of them wished to rule the Greek land. But the event that sparked this great war was the fact that Athens became interested in trading with the Italian cities.
Who won Athens vs Sparta?
There was a war between Sparta and Athens, the Peloponesian War . Athens won all the naval battles and disrupted Spartan trade, and Sparta won all the land battles. Eventually Sparta won the war after they have sieged Athens by land.
What was Athens vs Sparta?
Athens was the first ever city to introduce the democratic form of government while Sparta was the first ever city that was ruled by two different kings as an oligarchy. Athens was known as a peaceful city while Sparta was referred to as a city filled with gangs who always created unrest among the citizens.